SAM is a Space Analog for the Moon and Mars. This hi-fidelity, hermetically sealed analog and research center is composed of a crew quarters, airlock and hub, and greenhouse with temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide level controls. When complete, SAM will include a half-acre Mars yard for pressure suit, tool use, and rover tests. SAM is not another open air analog—this is as close as you can get to living on Mars without reducing gravity or dropping the temperature to −100°C.
As with other analogs, teams will propose research projects in the fields of biology, plant physiology, soil ecology and regolith chemistry, food cultivation, AI and robotics, personal psychology, tool use, haptics, and habitation studies to name a few. If accepted, teams of four can live within SAM for up to two weeks at a time, while additional crew can stay on the Biosphere 2 campus, making use of the dedicated control room. SAM staff are available to install and configure remotely operated experiments with continuous, remote monitoring, data collection and transmission.
Designed in concert with senior staff at Biosphere 2, the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center, Paragon Space Development Corporation, and NASA, SAM is a return to the origin of the iconic Biosphere 2 and a look to the future as we prepare to become an interplanetary species. At SAM you are a part of this next, great adventure.