SAM is a Space Analog for the Moon and Mars. This hi-fidelity, hermetically sealed analog and research center is composed of a living quarters for four inhabitants, airlock and hub, mechanical and bioregenerative life support, and greenhouse with temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide level controls. When complete, SAM will include a half-acre Mars yard, a miniature, sculpted replica of a NASA selected landing site for human exploration. Crews will wear pressure suits, experiment with tool use, and conduct rover tests. A gravity off-set rig and lava tube provided for an enhanced experience of reduced gravity and exploration of the subterrain.
As with other analogs, teams will propose research projects in the fields of biology, plant physiology, regolith chemistry and soil ecology, food cultivation, AI and robotics, personal psychology, tool use, haptics, and habitation studies to name a few. Also considered will be projects based in the arts. If accepted, teams of four can live within SAM for two weeks to a few months a time, while additional crew can stay on the Biosphere 2 campus, making use of the dedicated Mission Control facility and lodging. Crew can rotate on a scheduled basis. EVAs in pressure suits are assisted by SAM staff, enabling a fully immersed experience, from start to finish.
Designed in concert with senior staff at Biosphere 2, the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center, Paragon Space Development Corporation, and NASA, SAM is a return to the origin of the iconic Biosphere 2 and a look to the future as we prepare to become an interplanetary species. This is as close as you can get to living on Mars without reducing gravity or dropping the temperature to -100°C. At SAM you are a part of this next, great adventure.